Google DeepMind Challenge Match between AlphaGo (a computer Go program developed by Google DeepMind) and Lee Sedol (an 18-time world champion of Go/Baduk) played in Seoul, South Korea in March of 2016. AlphaGo won all but the fourth game. After the match, the Korea Baduk Association awarded AlphaGo the highest Go grandmaster rank – an honorary 9 dan.
This event really triggered in-depth discussion of artificial intelligence (AI) and the emergence of the 4th generational industrial revolution. In 2006, Ray Kurzweil published his book entitled “The Singularity Is Near” and it has been the #1 bestseller on Amazon in both science and philosophy. This book is about artificial intelligence and the future of humanity and he predicts the technological advances will transform people as they augment their minds and bodies with genetic alterations, nanotechnology, and artificial intelligence (AI).
In line with such development, the Asian Association for Public Administration (AAPA) sponsored the ICT Platform Society’s 2016 Summer Conference (www.ictps.or.kr) held at Chung-Ang University in Seoul on July 1, 2016. Professors Kilpyo Hong and Pan Suk Kim presented a paper entitled “Speaking of the Hubogent in the New Era of Artificial Intelligence” at the invited special session of the ICT Platform Society’s Summer Conference. Professor Choong-sik Chung also presented a paper entitled “Searching for a New Direction of Government Operation in the Era of the Hubogent.” The term "hubogent" refers to a humanized robotic agent and this term was first coined by Hong, Kim, and Chung during their presentations on July 1, 2016.
News Reports on July 4, 2016
ET News: http://www.etnews.com/20160704000131
Article publication in the Public Money and Management:
Kim, Pan Suk and Hong, Kilpyo. 2017. "Debate: Humanized Robotic Agents in Government: the emergence of 'Hubogent,'" Public Money and Management, volume 37, number 2, pp. 131-132. Available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/nxnKpfHcbSh3fiI2mzip/full